The turbine had been sent for refurbishment to Canada, where it was made by a company now owned by the German firm Siemens Energy. But Canadian sanctions aimed at punishing Russia for its invasion of Ukraine prevented its return.
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Earlier this month, after lobbying by the German government, Canadian officials agreed to grant a “time-limited and revocable permit” for Siemens Energy to allow the turbine’s return to Germany; from there, officials in Berlin said it would be sent along to Russia.
European Union leaders have said they predict Russia will not restart gas flows. “We have to prepare for a potential full disruption of Russian gas, and this is a likely scenario,” Ursula von der Leyen, the European Commission president, said on Wednesday.
But this week Russia gave the strongest signal yet that it would resume gas flows after the maintenance period, albeit in limited quantities. Speaking to reporters late Tuesday in Tehran after meeting with the leaders of Iran and Turkey, President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia warned that there were more turbines in need of repair, and that with others being taken offline, Gazprom would send only “half of the volume intended” through the Nord Stream pipeline.